Ban Ki Moon
Secretary General of the United Nations

"The road to sustainability runs through the world’s towns and cities. By building sustainable towns and cities, you will build global sustainability."



Climate change to cost Antwerp citizens 25% more in energy bills

Costs for cooling to counteract rising temperatures will increase dramatically in the future. The RAMSES study showed that over a 100-year period, a non-climate-adapted building in Antwerp would demand 25% more energy, with energy needs increasing from 6200 kWh to 7800 kWh.

More details can be found in the report "Economic costs of climate change in European cities".


Project at a glance:

RAMSES is a European research project which aims to deliver much needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities.

RAMSES will engage with stakeholders to ensure this information is policy relevant and ultimately enables the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond.



Open European Day at Bonn Resilient Cities

The fourth Open European Day at Bonn Resilient Cities will bring together key adaptation actors from different organizations: cities and city networks, regional and national governments, researchers, adaptation experts and European representatives.


RAMSES Newsletter

The 2nd RAMSES Policy brief summarises the key findings of the project, highlights their implications for adaptation strategies and measures, and points to research that could facilitate enhanced adaptation decision-making



Europe The work leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 308497
Project RAMSES - Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for Cities.