Ban Ki Moon
Secretary General of the United Nations

"The road to sustainability runs through the world’s towns and cities. By building sustainable towns and cities, you will build global sustainability."



Cities must adapt or face future annual losses in the thousands of millions

Under certain assumptions, for a warm year in the period 2081-2100, estimated losses by heat to the urban economy in the absence of adaptation could correspond to around €1,900 million for London, €669 million for Antwerp, and €2,500 million for Bilbao, based on 2005 prices.

More details can be found in the report Economic costs of climate change in European cities.

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Project at a glance:

RAMSES is a European research project which aims to deliver much needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities.

RAMSES will engage with stakeholders to ensure this information is policy relevant and ultimately enables the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond.



Bonn, Germany

Open European Day at Bonn Resilient Cities


RAMSES Newsletter


The first RAMSES Policy brief summarises the most relevant findings of the project so far drawing high-level policy recommendations from them

Europe The work leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 308497
Project RAMSES - Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for Cities.