Ban Ki Moon
Secretary General of the United Nations

"The road to sustainability runs through the world’s towns and cities. By building sustainable towns and cities, you will build global sustainability."



RAMSES modelling shows Antwerp park cools the city by 0.5°C

The report D4.3 entitled “Urban adaptation effects on urban climate” of RAMSES contains the results of advanced numerical modelling and on-site measurements conducted in the cities of Antwerp, Paris and Delhi at the mesoscale, and in Antwerp and Bilbao at the microscale. It was found that the presence of large park in the city center of Antwerp gives a cooling benefit of up to 0.5°C.

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Project at a glance:

RAMSES is a European research project which aims to deliver much needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities.

RAMSES will engage with stakeholders to ensure this information is policy relevant and ultimately enables the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond.



Bonn, Germany

Open European Day at Bonn Resilient Cities


RAMSES Newsletter


The first RAMSES Policy brief summarises the most relevant findings of the project so far drawing high-level policy recommendations from them

Europe The work leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 308497
Project RAMSES - Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for Cities.